Barrabool Hills indigenous plants

This information sheet details the indigenous plants of the Barrabool Hills.

Zone 9 consists of moderately fertile sandy loam soils on tertiary alluvial (sandstone) deposits. The gently sloping hills, some escarpments and gullies are mostly well drained. The average rainfall is 55 - 60 centimetres.

This area was characterised by a Drooping Sheoke woodland with a grassy and/or a heathy understorey largely made up of Wattle species, Silver Banksia and Sweet Bursaria.

Along the ridges and slopes Drooping Sheoke, Moonah, Cherry Ballart and Lightwood dominated the landscape while along the drainage lines Blackwood, River Red Gum, Swamp Gum and Manna Gum grew.

Along the drier sandy gully sides, species such as Manna Gum, Shrub Violet and Sweet Bursaria were found.

Unfortunately many of this area’s tree species have been cleared. White Cypress-pine, Yellow Gum and Swamp Gum can no longer be found.

Shrub species restricted to the drier areas included Kangaroo Apple, Silver Banksia, Sweet Bursaria and Giant Hop-bush. Along the lower slopes and drainage lines Silver Wattle, Hemp-bush, Prickly Tea-tree and Tangled Lignum grew.

Throughout the hills, Kangaroo Grass was present over the upper and mid slope areas. Tussock Grass would have dominated lower, wetter and south-facing slopes.

Tree Species
Common name Botanical name
Size (H x W m)
1 2 3 4
Lightwood Acacia implexa 5-15 4-7 Y Y - Y
Blackwood   Acacia melanoxylon  
5-30
4-15
Y Y Y Y
Black Wattle Acacia mearnsii 8-25 6-10 - Y Y -
Golden Wattle Acacia pycnantha 3-10 2-5 Y Y - -
Drooping Sheoke Allocasuarina verticillata 4-11 3-6 Y Y - -
White Cypress-pine Callitris glaucophylla 3-5 2-4 X - - -
River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis 12-35 15-35 - - - Y
Yellow Gum Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp connata 10-20 6-20 X X X -
Swamp Gum Eucalyptus ovata 8-30 8-20 X X X -
Manna Gum Eucalyptus viminalis 10-20 8-15 YS - Y Y
Cherry Ballart Exocarpos cupressiformis 3-8 3-5 - Y Y -
Moonah Melaleuca lanceolata 1-8 3-6

YE

- - -
Shrub Species
Silver Wattle Acacia dealbata 6-15 5-10 - - - Y
Hedge Wattle Acacia paradoxa 2-4 2-5 Y Y - -
Silver Banksia Banksia marginata 1-10 1-5 Y Y - -
Sweet Bursaria Bursaria spinosa var macrophylla 2-6 2-3 Y Y Y -
Grey Parrot-pea Dillwynia cinerascens 0.6-1.5 0.5-1.5 - Y - -
Giant Hop-bush Dodonaea viscosa 1-3 1-3 Y Y - -
Hemp-Bush Gynatrix pulchella 2-4 1.5-3 - - - Y
Shrub Violet Hymenanthera dentata 1-3 1-3 Y Y Y -
Prickly Tea-tree Leptospermum 1-4 1-2 - - Y Y
Tangled Lignum Muehlenbeckia florulenta 1-2.5 1-2 - - - Y
Sticky Boobialla Myoporum viscosum  0.5-2 1.5-2 - Y - -
Kangaroo Apple Solanum laciniatum 1-3 1-3 Y Y - -
Common Boobialla Myoporum insulare (plains form) 0.5-2 1.5-2 - Y - -
Groundcover and Tussock Species
Black Anther Flax-lily Dianella revoluta 0.3 1.5-2.0 Y Y - -
Tussock Grass Poa labillardieri 0.8 0.8 - - Y Y
Kangaroo Grass Themeda triandra 0.3 0.3 Y Y - -
E - escarpments
Y - species is present in areas of remnant vegetation
X - species once occurred in this area
S - species that prefer sandy soils

1=Ridges and Upper slopes; 2=Mid-slope; 3=Lower slope; 4=Drainage lines


Further Contacts



Acknowledgements: David Perry DSE and Mark Trengove

This information sheet is also available in PDF format.






Page last updated: Thursday, 13 December 2018

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