Marshall Plains and Waurn Ponds Flats indigenous plants

This information sheet details the indigenous plants found in the Marshall plains and Waurn Ponds flats areas.

Zone 6 consists of moderately fertile alluvial loam soils with some sands, gravels and clays. It is mostly flat with poor to moderate drainage. The average rainfall is 55 - 60 centimetres.

This area was characterised by a grassy woodland community dominated by either River Red Gum or Yellow Gum. In wetter areas, River Red Gum was dominant while the Drooping Sheoke preferred drier sites.

Common understorey species included Wattle species, Sweet Bursaria, Shrub Violet and scattered populations of Silver Banksia and Giant Hop-bush.

Kangaroo Grass would have been common through much of the drier areas. Tussock Grass was present in low lying wetter areas and along watercourses. Species only found in the Waurn Ponds area include Hop Wattle, Prickley Moses and Prickly Tea-tree.

Tree Species
Common name Botanical name
Size (H x W m)
1 2
Lightwood Acacia implexa 5-15 4-7 Y -
Black Wattle Acacia mearnsii 8-25 6-10 Y -
Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon 5-30 4-15 Y Y
Golden Wattle Acacia pycnantha 3-10 2-5 Y -
Drooping Sheoke Allocasuarina verticillata 4-11 3-6 Y -
River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis 12-35 15-35 - Y
Yellow Gum Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp connata 10-20 6-20 Y -
Swamp Gum Eucalyptus ovata 8-20 8-20 - Y
Manna Gum Eucalyptus viminalis 10-20 8-15 - YO
Cherry Ballart Exocarpos cupressiformis 3-8 3-5 Y -
Moonah Melaluca lanceolata 1-8 3-6 X X
Shrub Species
Silver Wattle Acacia dealbata 6-15 5-10 - Y
Hedge Wattle Acacia paradoxa 2-4 2-5 Y -
Hop Wattle Acacia stricta 2-5 2-4 - YC
Prickly Moses Acacia verticillata 2-6 3-5 - YF
Silver Banksia Banksia marginata 1-10 1-5 Y -
Sweet Bursaria Bursaria spinosa var macrophylla 2-6 2-3 Y Y
Dogwood Cassinia aculeata 2-4 1-2 Y -
Common Correa Correa reflexa 0.3-2 1-2 - Y
Grey Parrot-pea Dillwynia cinerascens 0.6-1 0.5-1.5 Y -
Giant Hop-bush Dodonaea viscosa 1-3 1-3 Y -
Hop Goodenia Goodenia ovata 1-2.5 1-3 - Y
Hemp-Bush Gynatrix pulchella 2-4 1.5-3 - Y
Shrub Violet Hymenanthera dentata 2-4 1-2.5 Y Y
Prickly Tea-tree Leptospermum continentale 1-4 1-2 - YF
Woolly Tea-tree Leptospermum lanigerum 2-6 1-3 - Y
River Tea-tree Leptospermum obovatum 2-4 1.5-2 - Y
Common Boobialla Myoporum insulare 1-6 3 Y -
Sticky Boobialla Myoporum viscosum 0.5-2 1.5-2 Y -
Snowy Daisy-bush Olearia lirata 2-5 2-3 Y -
Twiggy Daisy-bush Olearia ramulosa 0.5-2.5 1 Y -
Shrub Everlasting Ozothamnus ferrugineus 2-6 1-3 - Y
Kangaroo Island Pomaderris Pomaderris halmaturina ssp. continentis 1-3 1-2 YU -
Kangaroo Apple Solanum laciniatum 1-3 1-3 Y -
Groundcover and Tussock Species
Common everlasting Chrysocephalum apiculatum 0.3 1-2 Y -
Black Anther Flax-lily Dianella revoluta 0.3 1.5-2.0 Y -
Tussock Grass Poa labillardieri 0.8 0.8 - Y
Kangaroo Grass Themeda triandra 0.3 0.3 Y -
C - Waurn Ponds Creek 
F - Waurn Ponds Flats
O - on sandy alluvial deposits only
U - uncommon
X - species once occurred in this area
Y - species is present in areas of remnant vegetation

1=Slopes/Well drained areas;  2=Watercourses/Wet areas 


Further Contacts



Acknowledgements: David Perry DSE and Mark Trengove

This information sheet is also available in PDF format.






Page last updated: Thursday, 13 December 2018

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